Junk food is the reason for many diseases which occurs in the human body and also if the quantity and quality of food fumbles. People who don’t take food at the proper time and one who don’t take breakfast and take heavy dinner before bedtime may have worse outcomes of heart-attack a study revealed.
The study says that people with the two eating habits has 5 times higher likelihood of death, another heart attack, or angina (chest pain) within 30 days after hospital discharge for heart attack. This study is done by the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, is the first to evaluate these unhealthy behaviors in patients with acute coronary syndromes.
Skipping breakfast was observed at 58 percent, late-night dinner eating in 51 percent, and both behaviors in 41 percent.
The study enrolled patients with a particularly serious form of heart attack called ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
“One in ten patients with STEMI dies within a year, and nutrition is a relatively inexpensive and easy way to improve prognosis,” said Marcos Minicucci, of Sao Paolo State University, Brazil.
Minicucci recommended, there should be a minimum of the two-hour interval between dinner and sleeping time.
“A good breakfast is usually composed of dairy products, a carbohydrate, and whole fruits,” he said in his statement.
“It should have 15 to 35 percent of our total daily calorie intake,” said Minicucci.
The study included 113 patients with a mean age of 60, and 73 percent were men.
Patients were asked about eating behaviors on admission to a coronary intensive care unit.
Skipping breakfast was defined as nothing before lunch, excluding beverages, such as coffee and water, at least three times per week. Late-night dinner eating was defined as a meal within two hours before bedtime at least three times per week.
Though, nearly all participants with this habit were late-eaters.
Earlier studies have found that people who miss breakfast and have a late dinner are more likely to have other unhealthy habits such as smoking and low levels of physical activity.
“Our research shows that the two eating behaviors are independently linked with poorer outcomes after a heart attack, but having a cluster of bad habits will only make things worse,” said Minicucci.
“People who work late may be particularly susceptible to having a late supper and then not being hungry in the morning,” Minicucci also said.
“We also think that the inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and endothelial function could be involved in the association between unhealthy eating behaviors and cardiovascular outcomes,” he further added.